簡介

近年來,原住民族權利在國際上逐漸獲得更多重視和發展,而2007年由聯合國大會通過的《聯合國原住民族權利宣言》(UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples)是原住民族權利在國際人權法上的重大里程碑之一。

儘管在聯合國尚未有專門的原住民族權利的人權公約,但在聯合國也下設專門機制,如:原住民族權利特別報告員(Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples)、原住民族權利專家機制(Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples,EMRIP),對於國際上原族民族的處境和其權利進行研究,並向聯合國人權理事會跟大會提出建議。

聯合國相關文件

宣言

聯合國原住民族權利宣言

(United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, UNDRIP)

中文英文

概況介紹(Fact Sheet)

原住民族權利與聯合國人權機制

(Indigenous Peoples and the United Nations Human Rights System

英文中文

聯合國人權機制相關報告

2018Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples – Attacks and criminalisation of indigenous human rights defender. Availability of prevention and protection measures(A/HRC/39/17)中文英文
2017Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples – Impacts of climate change and climate finance on indigenous peoples’ rights (A/HRC/36/46)中文英文
2016Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples – International investment agreements, including bilateral investment treaties and investment chapters of free trade agreements(A/HRC/33/42)中文英文
2015Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples – Rights of indigenous women and girls(A/HRC/30/41)中文英文
2014Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples – Obstacles to the realization of indigenous peoples’ rights(A/HRC/27/52)中文英文
2013Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples – Extractive Industries and Indigenous Peoples(A/HRC/24/41)中文英文
2012Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples(A/HRC/21/47)中文英文
2011Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples
Summary of activities Extractive industries operating within or near indigenous territories(A/HRC/18/35)
中文英文
2010Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people(A/HRC/15/37)中文英文
2009Coordination with United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the Human Rights Council; Analysis of the duty of States to consult with indigenous peoples on matters affecting them: insight into how duty to consult may be addressed by Governments, indigenous peoples, the United Nations system, and other stakeholders.(A/HRC/12/32)中文英文
2008United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: analyis in the context of other international instruments specifically regarding indigenous peoples and human rights instruments of general applicability; the different measures required to implement and make operative the rights affirmed in the Declaration; joint efforts by States, the United Nations system, indigenous peoples and relevant civil society actors. (A/HRC/9/9)中文英文
2007Recent trends concerning the situation of the rights of indigenous peoples of the world: recent norms and the implementation gap; the increased loss of lands; the impact of climate change; forest peoples; pastoralist peoples; peoples living in isolation; intellectual property rights; indigenous women; indigenous children; the future of the international protection of the rights of indigenous peoples.  (A/HRC/4/32)中文英文
2018Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Eleventh Session (A/HRC/39/68)中文英文
2017Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Tenth Session (A/HRC/36/57)中文英文
2016Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Ninth Session (A/HRC/33/56)中文英文
2015Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Eighth Session (A/HRC/30/52)中文英文
2014Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Seventh Session (A/HRC/27/64)中文英文
2013Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Sixth Session (A/HRC/24/49)中文英文
2012Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Fifth Session (A/HRC/21/52)中文英文
2011Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Fourth Session (A/HRC/18/43)中文英文
2010Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Third Session (A/HRC/15/36)中文英文
2009Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its Second Session (A/HRC/12/32)英文
2009Report of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on its First Session (A/HRC/10/56)中文英文

相關指導原則(Guidelines)

聯合國發展集團:原住民族議題指導原則

(UNDG Guidelines on Indigenous Issues)

英文
聯合國 REDD計畫:有關自由、事前且充分告知的指導原則

(UNREDD Guidelines on Free, Prior and Informed Consent)

英文
聯合國原住民族權利宣言:國家人權機構參考手冊

(The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples A Manual for National Human Rights Institutions)

英文

相關連結